On March 16, 2020, the French Competition Authority (AdlC) imposed a record EUR 1.1 billion fine on Apple and its wholeslaers, considering that Apple and its wholesalers colluded to impose abusive terms and fix prices of some Apple electronic devices set by their resellers in France.
On October 6, 2022, the Paris Court of Appeal dismissed the retail price maintenance finding of the AdlC and reduced the duration of the practices sanctioned in the Decision. As a result, the Court reduced the fine initially imposed on Apple and its resellers by two thirds.
A CRA team including Laurent Flochel and Romain Bizet assisted Apple and its counsel in the preparation of the appeal. The CRA team provided analyses of intra-brand and inter-brand competition in the market for electronic devices in France.
For more details, see the judgement from the Paris court of Appeal.